Tuesday, January 27, 2015

About Bali Indonesia, a beautiful island in the world

Bali is the name of a province in Indonesia. Bali is also the name for a small island in Indonesia, which became famous as a tourist attraction in it. Bali is also a famous tourist spot with beautiful beaches, unique art, and Hinduism are different.

Bali Island in Indonesia country, on the left is the island of Java, and on the right is the island of Lombok
Bali Island in Indonesia country, on the left is the island of Java, and on the right is the island of Lombok.

Name of Bali in Indonesia, is derived from the word of Wali. Wali is means of offering. The name was given because in ancient times, when the Javanese people towards and explore into the island of Bali, they saw many local residents perform rituals for the spirit of ancestors by using a variety of offerings. Since then, this island is called the island of Wali, offerings island. Along the development, word of Wali turned into Bali. Until now called the island of Bali, in Indonesia. See also: Names for the island Bali Indonesia.

About the geographical situation in Bali, Indonesia

Bali island has an area of ​​5,780 km², surrounded by the sea. Bali has a variety of beaches with white sand and black sand. Sea with the underwater world is very beautiful, a place which is highly favored by divers, because it has coral reefs and fish are varied and colorful.

Bali has several islands that are part of the province. The islands that are around Bali's most famous are:

  1. Nusa Lembongan Island
  2. Nusa Ceningan Island
  3. Nusa Penida Island
  4. Menjangan Island

1. Nusa Lembongan Island
Nusa Lembongan Island has a length of 4.6 km and a width of 1-1.5 km, is located approximately 11 km to the southeast of Bali, Indonesia. Nusa Lembongan is divided into two villages namely Lembongan Village and Village Jungubatu.

2. Nusa Ceningan Island
Nusa Ceningan is a small island that is one part of the island of the three maritime cluster in Nusa Penida, Ceningan island area is 300.6 ha. Nearly 95 % of residents in the island is a seaweed farmers.

3. Nusa Penida Island
Sea at Nusa Penida island famous for diving area is very beautiful and interesting, of which there are at Penida Bay, Manta Point, Batu Meling, Batu Barns, Batu Abah, Toyapakeh and Malibu Point.

4. Menjangan Island
Menjangan Island is an island in the West Bali, located in the West Bali National Park. The island is very protected, as a place to live for deer. The sea around the island has a natural beauty that is very famous underwater. Being a dive location for beginners and professional divers.

Map on the leftside: Nusa Lembonga, Ceningan, and Penida Island. Map on the rightside:Menjangan Island.
Map on the leftside: Nusa Lembonga, Ceningan, and Penida Island. Map on the rightside:Menjangan Island.

Bali Indonesian is divided into nine regency and city. The provincial capital of Bali is Denpasar city, the seat of government as well as business and trade center in Bali . Nine regency / city in Bali are:
  1. Denpasar City
  2. Badung Regency
  3. Tabanan Regency
  4. Gianyar Regency
  5. Bangli Regency
  6. Klungkung Regency
  7. Karangasem Regency
  8. Buleleng Regency
  9. Jembrana Regency
9 regency/city in Bali, Indonesia
9 regency/city in Bali, Indonesia

Besides divided into nine districts / cities, the island of Bali is also divided into four regions based on the compass. This division is not set administratively, but it has been agreed by the geographical and climatic circumstances. Bali is divided into four regions:

1. North Bali
North Bali, which are included in this area is the whole area of ​​Buleleng, and some areas in Karangasem and Bangli. Known as a rather hot region, with low rainfall. However Bangli has high rainfall with a very fertile agricultural area. This area is located in the northern mountain range in the middle of the island of Bali.

2. East Bali
East Bali, which is included in this region is Klungkung and Gianyar, and some areas in Karangasem. Known as the mountain region with hot and humid air. Rainfall is moderate, rocky geographic circumstances.

3. South Bali
South Bali is a tourist area, densely populated areas, and become the center of the hotel building and all supporters of the tourism industry. Which is included in the South Bali is Denpasar, Badung, some areas of Tabanan. Almost all the beaches in South Bali region into a tourist attraction, such as Kuta Beach, Sanur, Seminyak Beach, Tanah Lot Beach, and so on. Has a very high rainfall.

4. West Bali
West Bali is known as the forest area and the West Bali National Park. This area includes most of the Tabanan Regency, all regions in Jembrana, and some areas in Buleleng. Very little tourism potential in this region, the most dominant marine fishery products and cocoa farming. With high rainfall.

Besides divided into four regions, Bali Indonesia also has a mountainous region located in the middle of the island. This region is the region 's most hallowed for residents of Bali. Because the mountain is considered as the abode of ancestral spirits. This region is a region of dense forest that some parts are very protected and guarded by the government and local residents.

About Art in Bali, Indonesia

Art in Bali emerged from the various rituals and offerings made ​​by the Balinese since time immemorial. Almost all residents of Bali, especially the Hindu religion, have the soul of art. Because art has grown and embedded in every individual citizen Bali since they are still in the womb. There are many types of art owned by the Balinese. Starting from different types of music, dance, singing, sculpture, and painting.

Art, dance and music in Bali beginning is a form of offerings to the gods and ancestral spirits, as a form of devotion residents of Bali. In addition, the art of dance and music also made ​​for performances and entertainment to the kings who ruled in Bali. Along with the changing times, the art of dance and music in Bali developed to the economy and business. Art of dance and music in the show to entertain the tourists who were in Bali.

Sculpture, and painting it started appearing on the devotion of the Balinese to the ancestral spirits. The Balinese make the temple building with high artistic taste, with sculptures and carvings on stone, brick, and sandstone, equipped with ornaments and paintings of high artistic merit. Making buildings kings with various sculptures and paintings, as a symbol of the greatness of a king.

Now all forms of art in Bali has become a high economic value for artists. Set a high price for any work of art. While yore, every artist just paid with cigarettes and coffee for each work of art they create.

Arts in Bali, Indonesia

About Hinduism in Bali

Most citizens are practiced a Hindu, but Hindus are different from those in other countries are sourced from India . Hindus in Bali, known as Hindu Bali, Hindu Dharma, Tirta, even some people call the Siwa-Budha. What is clear, Hindus in Bali is a composite of various beliefs that have existed since time immemorial in Bali embodied in ritual activities, but every activity is given meaning and ritual in Hindu teachings describe is based on the concept that comes from the Vedas .

Concepts of Hinduism in Bali famous is Tri Hita Karana, Tri Kaya Parisudha, Tatwamasi, Karma Phala, Panca Maha Butha, Catur Guru . These concepts are the most well known and always adhered to by the people of Bali in every activity in life.

Hindus were praying in Pura Tirta Empul, Gianyar, Bali Indonesia
Hindus were praying in Pura Tirta Empul, Gianyar, Bali Indonesia

About Temple in Bali, Indonesia.

Temple in Bali, called pura. Each temple has a different function. Unlike other places of religious worship, temple in Bali made ​​based on the place and function. Basically, the temple is made based on the lowest level and the bottom up to the highest level. As an organizational structure in a government and company, the temple also has levels with different functions.

Starting from the smallest temple in every home on a family ( Family Temple / Merajan : to worship ancestral spirits who have given birth to every person in every family ), and then to the temple with a higher level in a large family ( Pura Kawitan / Merajan Kawitan : adore ancestral spirits for grandparents or great-grandparents and higher ), to a higher level in a village called Pura Kahyangan Tiga ( Pura Desa : for the worship of Brahma as the creator, Pura Puseh : to worship Vishnu as the preserver, Pura Dalem : revere Shiva as the fuser ), and then to a higher level, namely Jagatnata ( temple within the scope of a regency : revere Shiva as Mahadeva ), the highest level is the temple of Pura Besakih as the parent, and the origin of the formation of Hindu religion in Bali 

In addition, there are many temples are made ​​based on the function, namely Ulun Danu Temple to worship the god of fertility, Pura Dangkahyangan, and its other.

Besakih Temple, Bali Indonesia Pasar Agung Temple, Bali Indonesia Uluwatu Temple, Bali Indonesia

Temple in Bali, Indonesia

Famous tourist attraction in Bali, Indonesia.

Bali has many attractions. Most of the famous tourist attraction in Bali is the beach. Because the beach is the main attraction of tourism in Bali. The most famous attractions in Bali :
  1. Kuta beach, Legian, Seminyak
  2. Uluwatu
  3. GWK, Garuda Wisnu Kencana
  4. Sanur Beach
  5. Nusa Dua Beach
  6. Ubud
  7. Mount Batur
  8. Tanah Lot
  9. Pura Besakih
  10. Pura Ulun Danu, Bedugul
Kuta is the center of entertainment and fashion in Bali. Kuta is also referred to as an international city. Because Kuta is a gathering place for people from different countries with different purposes. In Kuta bombings had occurred, which resulted in the tourism industry in Bali and Indonesia had collapsed. But now Bali become the world's favorite tourist destination.

GWK, Garuda Wisnu Kencana Nusa Dua Beach, Bali Indonesia Kuta Beach, Bali Indonesia
Attraction in Bali Indonesia