Friday, September 12, 2014

October 12, 2002 and October 1, 2005, the Bali Bombing

The tragedy of the Bali bombings in 2002 and 2005 still leaves more closely align and sorrow for the victims. In 2002 a bomb exploded in Jalan Legian Kuta Bali Indonesia, there were 202 fatalities and 209 wounded or injured. In 2005 there were three bombings, one in Kuta and Jimbaran with at least 23 people were killed and 196 others wounded. Most of the victims were foreign tourists who are visiting the location of a bomb blast. This tragedy is regarded as the worst incident of terrorism in Indonesian history.

Now, twelve years have passed since the 2002 Bali bombing. The perpetrators of the Bali bombing had been arrested and sentenced. Some of them have been put to death. Bombers of the most famous is Amrozi (sentenced to death), Imam Samudra (sentenced to death), and Mukhlas, (sentenced to death). They had been sentenced to death. Amrozi and his friends had been executed in reclaiming.

The location of a bomb blast in Kuta is Legian Street, has now built a monument to the memory of the tragedy. This monument is also mnejadi attraction for tourists who want to know the location of the bomb detonation. The monument was made to resemble a puppet with a symbol of the row names of the victims who died in the incident. Tourists who happened to pass in front of the monument took time to take photos and read the list of names of the victims.

At night, the area around the monument becomes very crowded. Bali bombing monument at the center of nightlife in Jalan Legian Kuta. Around the monument there are many discos, cafes, and bars with the sound of music from a very loud loudspeakers. When New Year's Eve celebrations, the area around the monument is very crowded. Nightlife is very pronounced in this place. Everyone is partying and having fun. They forget that it ever happened in a bomb blast that killed hundreds of people.

After the Bali bomb blasts on October 12, 2002, the condition of tourism in Bali worse off. Layoffs occur at many hotels and restaurants. Many residents of Bali to be idle. Bali's economy was disrupted and collapsed. Many hotels and restaurants around Kuta bankruptcy, even many who menjul hotel.

A year passed, the Bali bombing suspects have been sentenced to death. The government assured the international community that Indonesia and Bali is secure. Many attempts were made by the government to raise the tourism industry in Bali.

But international confidence in the security of Indonesia and Bali again lost. At a press conference, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has suggested got started in July 2005 warning of an attack of terrorism in Indonesia. However, the police may be negligent because supervision of the increase in fuel prices, making it less sensitive and alert. On October 1, 2005, there was another bomb blast in Bali. This time a bomb blast occurred three times in different places. At least 23 people died and 196 others wounded.

The tourism industry in Bali worse off by a bomb blast in Kuta in 2002 and 2005 even Balinese people had to face the economic crisis locally. The number of foreign tourist arrivals is very little. Many hotels, restaurants, bars, discotheques loss. Some of them went bankrupt and closed down. Tourists do not dare to visit Kuta and surrounding areas. They are afraid of the bomb would probably happen again, and harm the tourists.

Since the bombings in Bali in 2002 and 2005, many hotel employees to be laid off because of the low number of tourists staying. Many people must be unemployed, especially for people who work in the tourism sector. Employers craft, sculptors, dancers, artists, they should look for another job. Because no one hired them, because there are no tourists who visit. Residents in Gianyar district is the most feel the impact. Since most of them live and work as an artist with an income that is determined by the number of foreign tourist arrivals.

When the residents of Bali's economy collapsed due to the Bali bombings, especially in East Bali, there is the discourse from the citizens to separate Bali Province from Indonesia. Residents are angry over the 2002 and 2005 bombings were carried out by a particular group. Bali want to be independent and self-contained, to break away from Indonesia. This discourse arises because of uncontrolled anger residents. East of Bali's economy collapsed causing residents to be confused what to do with the future of Bali. Because Bali income residents largely based on tourism.

Currently the tourism industry has recovered from the slump caused by the Bali bombings of 2002 and 2005 even reached the peak of the tourism industry with the highest number of foreign tourists who visit the more setiak year. Even now become the most populous island of Bali.