Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Bali volcano: Mount Agung

Mount Agung

Mount Agung, volcano in Bali

Mount Agung is an active volcano that was sleeping. This is the highest mountain in Bali. Being in the District of Rendang, Karangasem regency, Bali, with an altitude of 3,142 meters above sea level. This mountain is the highest point in Bali. Mount Agung greatly influence the climate and the condition of the air in Bali.

Bali volcano: Mount Agung
Why is Mount Agung affect climate and air condition in Bali? It happened because most of the wind blowing from the west and south of the mountain. Prevailing winds carry clouds that contain lots of water vapor. Water vapor from the sea in South Bali. Water vapor is carried by the wind to the east and north hindered by Mount Agung. So clouds containing water vapor collected and stacked on the mountain and into the rain.

Because clouds containing water vapor into rain has fallen and Mount Agung, making the air in the east and north of the mountain becomes dry without clouds and water vapor. Therefore, the region of East Bali and North Bali, soil conditions are very dry and barren. The trees are very difficult to grow here. Rain is very rare.

Due to infrequent rains, people living in the North and East region suffered with drought. Agricultural land unproductive. So that their life is very poor and difficult to get clean water to drink.

Although it is a volcano is still active, but around the mountain there are many people who live permanently with a permanent home. They do not fear the threat of volcanic eruption. They sure if they still do rituals and maintain the natural conditions around the mountain. If all is well preserved the Mount Agung will not erupt.

Besakih Temple in Mount Agung, volcano in Bali
Mount Agung began erupting last time in 1963. Eruptions eject lava anneal heat, flowing to the north. Volcanic eruptions also eject dust flying into the air. Many houses were destroyed. Bali vibrate because of the eruption. Many Balinese people panic.

Disaster mitigation systems in the area of Mount Agung is still weak, the local government is not ready to rejuvenate and optimize the mitigation system. Meanwhile, many settlements in the mountain region. While this mountain could erupt at any time. Ironically, the local people do not know anything about this system.

Around Mount Agung there are two very famous temple and consecrated by the people of Bali. Besakih Temple and Pasar Agung Temple are two temples located in the mountain. Besakih Temple is the biggest temple in Bali and highly purified.

Pasar Agung Temple in Mount Agung, volcano in Bali
To climb Mount Agung is not easy. Mount Agung highly purified by residents of Bali. Balinese people strongly believe that the mountain is the abode of ancestral spirits. Therefore, the climbers must comply with all applicable rules to be able to climb this volcano. There are two paths that can be traversed in climbing this mountain, the path is a path in Besakih Tempel and Pasar Agung Temple.

If the through lane at Besakih Temple, the climbers will reach the highest peak of Mount Agung with about 5 to 6 hours, with the distance of 3142 meters. If the through lane at Pasar Agung Temple, takes about 3 to 5 hours, with a distance of 2850 meters.

Update on Bali volcano, Mount Agung, has shown signs of eruption in September 2017. But back then Mount Agung was back about. Signs of eruption in September 2017 are known from the smoke bunches that emerge from the top of the mountain, as well as earthquakes that occur very often up to hundreds of times a day. At that time residents around the mountain must evacuate to a radius of 12 km. But by mid-October 2017, the volcano was calm again and residents could return home.

Mount Agung erupted again on Saturday, November 25, 2017, 5:30 pm. The eruption was clearly visible with a cloud of big and dark smoke. When the night is clearly visible red light at the top of the mountain. The red light is the lava that meets the crater at the top of the mountain.

At the time of eruption, the ash rains occur. Airports in Bali and Lombok are closed to avoid accidents caused by air around Bali filled with volcanic ash. Many tourists stuck at the airport can not go home by plane.

In some rivers with upstream on Mount Agung experiencing severe floods with cold lava. The cold lava flood in the river resulted in many dead fish. Rice fields that rely on river water menjasi damaged. Many rice plants die.

When the volcano in Bali erupts on November 25, 2017, residents living around the mountain must evacuate. The local government implements a disaster response day until December 10, 2017. Residents still in danger zone are not allowed to return to their homes despite the calm condition of the mountain.

See also:
I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport closed the impact from the ash of Mount Agung eruption
Mount Agung erupts in Bali, the volcano is now at the highest level (Level IV)
Terrible, Mount Agung erupts with incandescent lava and explosions
In Bali there is ash rain, the impact of Mount Agung eruption
The volcano in Bali, Mount Agung erupted at 5:30 pm, 25-11-2017
The volcano in Bali Gunung Agung took a month to erupt