Saturday, June 30, 2012

Balinese dance

Balinese dance
Balinese dance is a dance that originated from Bali, in Indonesia. Balinese dance is called, because this dance is coming from Bali, created the first time in Bali, the Balinese people, and growing rapidly in Bali. Balinese dance is a dynamic dance. The dance is not monotonous, with the motion that uses the whole body to dance. Balinese dance is not always depend on the storyline. That is, the dance performance is driven by goals created the dance. If the dance is intended for worship, then the movement is a movement of worship. The main purpose of Balinese dancers are to dance every stage of motion and circuits with full expression. Beauty Balinese dance movements appear in the abstract and beautiful. Dances of Bali's most well known include Pendet, Gabor, Baris, Sanghyang, Kecak and Legong.

Balinese people are Hindu majority, it is believed the spirits, evil spirits and good spirits, and nature that contain magical powers. To offset and neutralize the situation, the Balinese hold a ceremony that comes with the dances are religious in nature. That's why religious dance performance, dynamic, and the sacred.

Balinese dance most meaningful religious. Because since it was first created, addressed to cult to the gods. Most of Balinese dances are sacred. Have a high magical value. So that, in general, Balinese dances are held at religious events in Bali. However, since the 1950s, with rapid tourism development, some of the dances have been shown to activities outside the religious, with some modifications. As one of the famous Pendet, the dance Panyembrahma, first, devoted to the worship of the gods in temples. But now, Panyembrahma dance performed on stage as the dance of welcoming guests.

Now in Bali there are many types of dance performances or entertainment. Balinese dance experience as a process of modernization. According to the function type of Balinese dance is divided into two, namely, first class, a dance that is important for the life of Hindu religion and customs. The second group, the dance is a performing art, which only served the interests of the beauty and entertainment purposes only.

Balinese dance can be categorized into three types, Wali (sacred), bebali (ceremony), and Balih-balihan (entertainment).

Wali dance
Is a kind of sacred dance ceremony or dance. Danced at every ceremonial and religious activities of Hindus in Bali. At Temple, the dance is staged in the deepest area of ​​the temple (UtamaMandalaPura).
Examples of Wali dance: Rejang dance, Baris dance , Pendet dance, Barong dance, Sanghyang dance. etc..

Bebali dance
Is a kind of semi-sacred dance, sacred dance can serve as in certain ceremonies, and may as well dance entertainment.
Example of Bebali dance: Topeng dance, Gambuh dance, Wayang Wong dance, etc..

Balih-balihan dance 
Is a type of dance entertainment, serves as the entertainment of everyone. If in the Temple area, the dance is usually performed on stage or building (Wantilan), the outer area of ​​the temple (Jaba).
Example of Balih-balihan dance: Penyambutan dance, Legong dance, Kekebyaran dance, etc..