GWK stands Garuda Wisnu Kencana, which is a large statue that is at a cultural park, and is often called the Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park.
GWK is a statue of Vishnu sitting on a bird with a human body. Vishnu is the god in Hindu belief. God of all life preserver. Garuda is a bird figure with human body, has wide wings, eagle claw hands. The statue is made of bronze, but has not been completed. Only part of the head with the body of Vishnu, the bird's head, and the hands of Vishnu. The plan, GWK statue is made with 126 meters of high and 60 meters of wide, with a weight of 3000 tons. If the statue is completed, it will be the highest and the world's largest sculpture. So it can be seen from many distant places. It can be seen from Kuta, Sanur, Nusa Dua up to Tanah Lot in Tabanan Regency, Bali. Due to very high and located in the limestone hills high enough, ie at an altitude of 146 meters above ground level or 263 feet above sea level.
Areas around of the GWK, is a cultural park, which is often called the Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park. Located on the southern Bali island, exactly in North Kuta. This park is located in cape Nusa Dua, Badung regency, about 40 kilometers south of Denpasar. This cultural park area is 250 hectares. Which is dredged limestone hill, and formed in such a way that it becomes a very attractive park.
History of the Garuda Wisnu Kencana (GWK) has many problems and controversies. Starting from the concept, planning, project implementation management has always caused controversy. Ironically, the big idea behind the plan to build a mega project GWK statue doomed to fail, because GWK sculpture project, has been stalled for years. Even, because of continued controversy, great plans of making GWK must meet constrained by many things.
Conditions and problems posed in the plan to manufacture the Garuda Wisnu Kencana very regrettable by many people. Because, when it was first presented to the public in the early 1990s, the Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue project, well received by government officials. Because the main initiators are well known and talented sculptor, Nyoman Nuarta. As well as the support of the president at the time, seemed to give very high confidence in the success of which will be obtained in the manufacture of this huge statue.
The first and major failure of the project due to the Garuda Wisnu Kencana is less able to convince all or most of the people of Bali in a spiritual perspective. From the beginning, the establishment of a statue of Vishnu riding Garuda is located in the south of Bali, which is at the foot of Bali, has sparked a public backlash in Bali. Therefore, trust the people of Bali, particularly Hindus, that the gods and ancestral spirits in the high and holy place, which is on the mountain, an obstacle in convincing people that the Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue so deserve to be in the south of Bali.
The second failure in the construction of the Garuda Wisnu Kencana is the economic crisis that hit Indonesia started in 1997. Since then many managers and donors who are members of a foundation should resign. So that the continuity of the Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue-making should be stopped.
After stalled for years, now the project of making a statue of Garuda Wisnu Kencana resumed. The sculpture worked in NuArt Studio, in the Setra Duta, Sarijadi, Bandung, West Java. Making re-done since March 2013, involving 200 workers at Bandung. Once the manufacturing process is completed in Bandung, all parts of the statue brought to Bali by truck, then assembled and rebuilt in the Jimbatan, Bali. Later there will be two statues, the statue of Vishnu semi-finished, and Garuda Wisnu Kencana is standing in full accordance with the ideals and expectations of the original.
The first initiators of manufacture Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is I Nyoman Nuarta. An artist born in Banjar Tegal Linggah, Penebel District, Tabanan Regency, Bali, on November 14, 1951. He is a famous artist from Bali which has made many great works of art are phenomenal. However, the Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue project which makes it very well known. Nyoman Nuarta earned a bachelor of fine arts from the Bandung Institute of Technology, and has now settled in Bandung.