Thursday, April 3, 2014

Thursday, April 03, 2014

HIV cases in Bali

Based on data from the Bali Provincial Health Office, the official number of people with HIV/AIDS in Bali is 8141 people, but the actual number is estimated at 26000, according to the theory of icebergs in the sea.

HIV cases in Indonesia, was first discovered in Bali, in 1987. The first patient is a Dutch nationality stateless person who was in Bali. The person is seriously ill, with symptoms of the disease according to the symptoms of people with HIV, as it has been released at that time. A year after the announcement of the discovery of the virus that causes AIDS in America.

Until now, people with HIV to official data recorded is 8141 people. The estimation is based on the results of monitoring of the distribution of HIV/AIDS cases in Bali, and a survey in 2012 of 2000 respondents, 20% were HIV-positive. This indicates that there are still many people with HIV who have not been recorded, and potentially spreading HIV to others. Especially teenagers whose activity is very high. Especially sexual activity that is always changing partners, and would be detrimental to the health of their partners.

Based on data from the Bali AIDS Commission, from 8141 people with HIV/AIDS in Bali until August 2013, there were 77.7% infected through heterosexual and 4.4% through homosexual. 39.4% at age 20-29 years old, and 36.13% at age 30-39 years old.

The development of the tourism industry in Bali is one of the major factors in the spread of HIV cases. Increasing number of discotheques, cafes, and brothels, as the entertainment of the tourists who were in Bali, became one of the highest HIV infection in Bali. Sometimes discotheque into a sale and purchase transactions of narcotics, from the beginning where the youth begin to recognize narcotics and into the early spread of HIV.

The use of condoms in sexual activity is not a priority by a number of people in Bali. Whereas the use of condoms in sexual activity can prevent HIV transmission, although also not fully guarantee, at least the potential for HIV transmission can be reduced. The assumption in the use of condoms does not give satisfaction remains a major problem in the prevention of HIV transmission in Bali. The difficulty of educating citizens in an effort to practice safe sex, as well as a lack of understanding of the impact that will result from unprotected sex, become a very difficult obstacle to overcome.

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